book Mycophilia: Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms – Eugenia Bone Download
- Mycophilia: Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms
- Eugenia Bone
- 14 March 2020
Eugenia Bone ↠ 0 Summary
Free download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ↠ Eugenia Bone Eugenia Bone ↠ 0 Summary Characters Mycophilia: Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms Also describes the mushroom hunt or at least a mushroom hunt without a crowd the uiet but intense contemplation of nature that reveals a hidden mushroom Cage turned many folks on to mushrooming I ve met a number of people with no particular interest in fungi who claim to have hunted with him In New York that s kind of like running into people who ve said they ve gotten drunk with Norman Mailer But he created many true converts One is Paul Sadowski who prepared Cage s music for publication and is now secretary of the clubBack to the hunt It took me some time just to identify a dying apple tree To be honest the whole orchard looked like one gigantic bramble patch filled with buzzing insects and senior New Yorkers in khakis but after a sweaty hour I got the hang of it and started to crawl under the thickets and through the poison ivy the shiny red leaves tiny as suirrel ears to check the base of the decaying treesAs I crawled under one tree eyes narrowed to avoid scratching my corneas with twigs I spotted one large brown l And then I saw her Apple cheeked and undaunted by the thorns her gray bun pulled askew by snapping branches crawled an elderly lady from the opposite direction toward the very l the only l I d spottedI deferred to her of course as if the fat l between us were a seat on the busThe history of amateur mycology in America from the Greek myco fungus ology study of is not that long While immigrant groups and Native Americans gathered the mushrooms they knew were edible or medicinal as a hobby mycology didn t gain momentum until the s Botany which included fungi in those days was one of the most popular of the sciences for hobbyists During the Victorian era the sciences achieved their cultural authority Natural history and natural philosophy became science and science became a profession For decades though fieldwork conducted by amateur mycologists contributed to the body of knowledge and amateurs collected many of the samples that fill botanical garden archives in the United States today The instigating factor that may have led to the advance of mycological societies in America was the death in of Count Achilles de Vecchj an Italian diplomat residing in Washington DC The count died from eating Amanita muscaria the fly agaric This is the most iconic of all mushrooms the one with the red cap with white spots on it and except in the count s case not fatal although it can make you very sick or get you high depending on what part of the world the specimen comes from how you prepare it and how much you eat The death of the count which was a widely publicized sensation led the United States Department of Agriculture to issue public advisories about toxic mushrooms Although the Washington mycological club had been organized years before the count s last meal his death and the subseuent publication of Charles McIlvaine s d tome One Thousand American Fungi describing hundreds of edible although not always tasty mushrooms ushered in an increased interest in fungi and regional mushroom clubs began to well mushroom Today there are at least mycological societies in North America three regional clubs and one national club There is also a professional club the Mycological Society of America which organizes conferences and publishes the scientific journal Mycologia For the amateur or hobbyist learning about mushrooms in order to eat them but avoid poisoning is definitely one of the reasons why people join mycological associationsAmanita muscariaMost mycological societies have a scientific advisor affiliated with the club who instructs the members on regional identification This is important because the toxicity of mushrooms can vary according to their habitat their age and their method of preparation and because mushroom identification books can be deceiving What does edible with caution mean The New York Mycological Society has a number of expert amateurs but our guru is Gary Lincoff the author of The National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms a menschy approachable fellow whose knowledge is as encyclopedic as his collection of mushroom themed T shirts which he wears over long sleeve shirts a look not every man can pull off Experts like Gary are keen to disabuse members of wives tales like poisonous mushrooms tarnish a silver spoon mushrooms that grow on wood are safe mushrooms that animals eat are safe and mushrooms that can be peeled are safe All untrue Their portfolio of sayings usually includes witticisms like No mushroom is poisonous until you eat it and Leave one mushroom for the mycologist and one for the doctor In the North American Mycological Association established a toxicology committee and in they created the Mushroom Poisoning Case Registry based on voluntary information from the regional societies and the American Association of Poison Control Centers Only to percent of poisonings that are reported to poison control centers each year are attributed to mushrooms and of that according to a plus year summary of poisonings about percent end in death Indeedpeople die of shark attacks than mushroom poisoning The majority of reports describe gastrointestinal disturbances.Characters Mycophilia: Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms
Free download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ↠ Eugenia Bone Eugenia Bone ↠ 0 Summary Characters Mycophilia: Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms Chapter FORAYS AND FESTIVALSMy journey into the realm of fungi started with basic venality I love to eat wild mushrooms but I don t love paying for them They re hellaciously expensive in Manhattan where I live The problem was How to find them And then I learned about the New York Mycological Society NYMS and their promises of guided mushroom hunts It sounded good Plus the price of membership was right a yearThe NYMS offers lectures on fungal biology slideshows of mushroom photography Taylor Lockwood s show packed the room a banuet featuring mushrooms during the winter a Roman Feast a Cantonese Banuet many small guided walks and a few big forays every year the most popular being the Morel BreakfastWhen I first joined the club I tried to mask my true motivation At the winter lectures I pretended to be interested in all mushrooms nodding with phony delight at the slides of inedible molds or polypores or whatever The truth is I was embarrassed to admit I was participating in a scientific club mainly in anticipation of spring when the ls came up and the hunting would begin But shortly after the announcements for the Morel Breakfast went out I realized I was not alone in my greed Everyone in the club was horny for ls Free fresh fat lsMorels are probably the most fetishized of all wild edible mushrooms There are numerous Web sites devoted to hunting ls replete with near pornographic close ups of the wrinkly capped fungus or shots of copious l blooms or children happily posing with gargantuan specimens Morel Web sites boast breathless postings of l flushes throughout the country I am particularly fond of the online l sighting maps which are updated daily during the season like tornados on a midwestern weather map There are around regional festivals throughout the midwestern states at least one anthropological study on rural community l hunts and l paraphernalia of all sorts for sale Theories abound as to why ls are so culty but Tom Nauman of lmania says it s because ls are well known in the general population I think Nauman is right The l is the American wild mushroomThe Morel Breakfast held the first weekend in May when the ls are generally hopefully up is always prefaced by a flurry of e mails first the very hush hush directions to our spot an abandoned apple orchard in New York west of the Hudson River then the admonitions not to hunt the orchard and pick all the mushrooms prior to the breakfast and finally people looking for rides to the hunting grounds I have a car and so drove a handful of ladies and their baskets and walking sticks their tick spray and suntan lotion and water bottles to the home of an amiable couple who live on the way to the orchard and who put out a bagel and lox spread for the club at their own expense At the breakfast our foray leader Dennis Aita explained that ls are the fruiting bodies of a fungus The fungus is the organism and the mushroom is the organ of sexual reproduction like a fruit or a flowerThere are many types of fungi which can be pronounced as either fun ghee fun gee or fun jai though most mycophiles say fun jai and not all produce mushrooms but the fungus Morchella does There are uite a few species of ls no one is sure how many but we were hunting Morchella esculenta esculenta is Latin for succulent and delicious Dennis told us to look for M esculenta aka the gray or yellow l under dying apple trees The fungus that produces ls lives in association with the roots of the apple tree When the tree fails the fungus fruits in order to spread its spore and subseuently find a new host In essence to find the l you have to find the treeWhich is not such an easy thing The club hunts an abandoned apple orchard surrounded by residential developments and the place is overgrown with pricker bushes but we hunt there for two reasons The ls have been fruiting there for years and it is in nearby Rockland County an undemanding commute for New Yorkers who tend to be infreuent driversEighty people showed up that year about a third of our membership They were mostly older retired people but also young parents herding children holding their wiggly kids arms while they smeared on the tick repellent plus a few French people I d only hunted in Colorado prior to this and where we go in the West Elk Mountains there are about billion acres of wilderness per person It is rare to see anyone else in the woods It is common to get lost Not so at the NYMS l hunt As soon as we were parked and assembled Dennis gave the word and in an arthritic charge dozens of people crashed into the woods most following those who seemed to know where they were going It felt a little like the stampede that occurs when they first open the doors of a Black Friday warehouse sale I struck out in the opposite directionThe NYMS whose logo is inspired by The New Yorker magazine s mascot Eustace Tilley the dandy in the top hat looking through his monocle at a mushroom had a couple of starts and stops during its plus year history but the avant garde composer John Cage and a few friends resuscitated it in the late s Cage s belief that music is meant to sober and uiet the mind thus rendering it susceptible to divine influences.
Free download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ↠ Eugenia Bone
Free download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ↠ Eugenia Bone Eugenia Bone ↠ 0 Summary Characters Mycophilia: Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms Like vomiting and diarrhea stemming from eating a wide variety of speciesMushroom poisonings are not necessarily simple to define When a combination of species is eaten the culprit may be unclear The health or circumstances of the eater may be a factor in poisoning as well as allergic reactions to the proteins in a given mushroom Additionally mushrooms may be contaminated by bacteria and molds or by environmental poisons like pesticides or radiation and the symptoms from these pollutants can be mistaken for mushroom poisoningOf the million species of fungi projected to be out there perhaps percent have been identified Of that percent maybe species produce fleshy mushrooms and about of them are poisonous In a field that is constantly evolving these numbers are speculative but in general of the species that are poisonous are commonly found of which are lethal And of the or so species that are probably edible are widely picked and to are commonly eaten The challenge then is to know your mushroomsThere are many types of mycetismus poisonings caused by eating mushrooms but only three types of poisoning dependably kill Amatoxin poisoning is the worst It is responsible for percent of all mushroom fatalities in this country and probably in Europe too Amatoxin poisoning is caused by eating either the destroying angel Amanita bisporigera or the death cap Amanita phalloides the mushroom that famously killed Sam Sebastiani Jr a member of the Sebastiani Californian wine family in and possibly Emperor Claudius AD among other species One cap of an A phalloides will make you very sick even do you in especially if you exhibit symptoms within hours of eating Symptoms start with gastrointestinal pain vomiting and diarrhea that subside after a day leading unfortunately to a false sense of security because without prompt treatment percent of patients die within a week of the onset of symptoms A few days after the first symptoms the patient suffers hepatic dysfunction sometimes renal failure and even liver necrosis With prompt intervention to percent of patients live In Europe injections of the comds silibinin and silymarin extracts of the milk thistle are used to treat amatoxin poisoning In the United States treatment consists of IV fluids and penicillin although there is no evidence that penicillin an antibacterial medicine does any good Nor are there data to suggest which protocol issuccessfulThe second serious type of mushroom poisoning is orellanine or cortinarin poisoning It is rare in the USA Three species of Cortinarius mushrooms will cause delayed onset renal failure within days to weeks after eating the mushroom The symptoms start with nausea vomiting and anorexia followed in hours or days by kidney problems Three to caps will produce irreversible kidney failureso in men than women The novelist Nicholas Evans author of The Horse Whisperer had a kidney transplant in having mistaken Cortinarius speciosissimus also known as the deadly webcap for porcini At the time of this writing his wife and brother in law who ate the mushrooms as well were on the kidney transplant waiting listThe third killer is gyromitrain poisoning Gyromitra esculenta the false l contains a particularly toxic hydrazine called monomethyl hydrazine the same stuff from which missile and rocket propellant is made Two to cups of this mushroom will cause a gastrointestinal phase nausea vomiting diarrhea followed by fever and fatigue Severe poisoning leads to liver toxicity or renal failure coma and deathA poisonous l left and edible l rightMycophilia is the most engrossing readable book about mushrooms and the science of mycology I have ever read This is THE book to give to people interested in mushrooms whether they are beginners longtime mushroom hunters or professional mycologists Gary Lincoff author of The National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American MushroomsEngaging trawl through the labryinths of mycophilialyrical and preciseMs Bone ends her odyssey elegantly discovering mushrooms may be the most important and most hopeful ingredient of life on Earth Wall Street JournalOne of the most beguiling books I ve read this year A generous sprinkling of amateur photos only adds to the charm of Mycophilia Weird detailscombined with a flair for startling analogies brighten even the most rambling passages of Bone s bookSet her on the hunt for fungi in the aftermath of a forest fire and Bone can make you shiver in the slovenly vacuum of a campsite she compres to a cold fireplaceBone deployes the precise uncommon vocabulary of the best naturalists Bone s enthusiasm would prompt even the most languid armchair ecologist to take a new interest inmushroomsEach and every fungus contains properties that as described by Bone sound almost magicalDelicious surprising and dizzyingly informative book New York Times Book ReviewEarthy and honestwith good humor and clear writing The Denver PostMycophiliawill delight many readers Bone makes a charming and witty tour guide through the vast world of fungiMycophilia is one of those books that can completely change the way we view the Earth making us everconscious and even conscientious citizens The Plain Deale.