Lives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus Aurelius pdf

  • 352pages
  • Lives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus Aurelius
  • Ryan Holiday
  • English
  • 26 June 2018
  • 052554187X

Ryan Holiday ´ 5 characters

Free read Ú PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ´ Ryan Holiday Ryan Holiday ´ 5 characters Read & Download Lives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus Aurelius Instant New York Times Advice the philosophy and its embrace of self mastery virtue and indifference to that which we cannot control is as urgent today as it was in the chaos of the Roman Empire In Lives of the Stoics Holiday and Hanselman present the fascinating lives of the men and women who strove to live by the timeless Stoic virtues of Courage Justice Temperance Wisdom Organized in digestible mini biographies of all the well known and not so well known Stoics this book vividly brings home what Stoicism was like for the people who loved it and lived it dusting off powerful lessons to be learned from their struggles and successes More than a mere history book every example in these pages from Epictetus to Marcus Aurelius slaves to emperors is designed to help the reader apply philosophy in their own lives Holiday and Hanselman unveil the core values and ideas that unite figures from Seneca to Cato to Cicero across the centuries Among them are the idea that self rule is the greatest empire that character is fate; how Stoics benefit from preparing not only for success but failure; and learn to love not merely accept the hand they are dealt in life A treasure of valuable insights and stories this book can be visited again and again by any reader in search of inspiration from the past. This book is a history of Stoicism More accurately it is a compilation of mini biographies of the most famous Stoics from Zeno 334 BCE 262 BCE to Marcus Aurelius 121 AD 180 AD the Platonian philosopher king as well as Cicero Cato the Younger and Porcia Cato the Iron Woman among othersStoicism is built around four virtues Courage Temperance Justice and Wisdom And that s pretty much it There are no rituals no sacred text and no organized institution of worshipThere were recognized leaders Zeno being the first but they didn t have offices or official duties as Stoics at least They were teachers authors politicians and generals Aurelius even became EmperorThey were considered philosophers but few resembled philosophers as most of us think of that moniker today The word philosophy has had an extremely fluid and often imprecise etymology over the centuries The first definition offered by Webster s today is all learning exclusive of technical precepts and practical arts At the time of Newton however science and philosophy were used synonymously During the early days of Stoicism Zeno divided the curriculum of Stoicism into three parts physics ethics and logic The meaning of stoicism has changed as well The word stoic in English today means the unemotional endurance of pain To the Stoics however Stoic was all about the active pursuit of virtue and justice It was a pro active uality not a defense mechanismThere wasis an emphasis on listening Zeno said that we were given two ears and one mouth for a reason And it was forward looking We die the day we are born in the sense that the time already past in our lives is not something we can do anything about We can only try harder pursuing to improve that which we can control and accepting that which we can t Don t worry about the rules just do it to adopt a modern commercial tag lineThe other distinguishing characteristic of Stoicism is the emphasis on the common good not self interest Many Stoics went into politics out of a sense of obligation not a grab for power and wealthStoicism is a way to live that no Stoic has ever fully achieved however although some of the Stoics described clearly led virtuous lives by any standard But not perfectMany were born into wealth and privilege Nearly all accepted the institution of slavery one of the most famous Stoics had been a slave and the brutality of war But as the authors conclude Most of all the Stoics taught us by the fact that they tried I was often reminded of Confucius 551 BCE 479 BCE throughout the book and he is referenced a few times Confucius lived during a tumultuous time in the history of China Neighboring fiefdoms were at constant war and Confucius was ultimately called upon to help sort it all outHe concluded that peace could never be fully maintained by the armed agents of the state ie the police or the military As soon as that authority leaves as lethally as it may be armed the mayhem would return He understood uite correctly that self restraint is the only weapon against constant bedlam and that self restraint would only take hold if there was a value system of peace and cooperation shared by all And for him that value system turned on the internalization of values and behaviors built on an inviolate sense of obligation to others Pretty Stoic I thinkIt is a worthy set of values to be sure But not always easy to live by 247 There are contradictions in every philosophy and belief system A devout Stoic Rusticus had a Christian who did no than follow his faith put to death Not because he found him deserving he didn t but because that was the law of Rome at the time And Seneca one of history s most famous Stoics was a tutor and advisor to Nero perhaps the most deranged and ruthless leader of all timeBut why write this book now Stoicism remains an active if inconspicuous philosophy among many including some in positions of political powerWell there is little possible debate that America today is starting to look a lot like Rome before its collapse Greed corruption and the pursuit of self interest at the expense of the common good are in abundant supply And these are in fact the antithesis of the virtue and justice that Stoicism stands for If only we had three ears and four eyes and could look away from our technology for just a moment we d see itIn the end this is a very good book and very well written by two authors who are eminently ualified to write it I didn t give it a 5 only because that didn t seem like the Stoic thing to do Just kidding I would have liked to see philosophical exploration of why the four virtues are the right ones but that is admittedly a failure of my own expectation not the authors promise which they deliver fully onRead it You will learn much from the lives portrayed

Read & Download Lives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus AureliusLives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus Aurelius

Free read Ú PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ´ Ryan Holiday Ryan Holiday ´ 5 characters Read & Download Lives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus Aurelius Instant New York Times Advice the philosophy and its embrace of self mastery virtue and indifference to that which we cannot control is as urgent today as it was in the chaos of the Roman Empire In Lives of the Stoics Holiday and Hanselman present the fascinating lives of the men and women who strove to live by the timeless Stoic virtues of Courage Justice Temperance Wisdom Organized in digestible mini biographies of all the well known and not so well known Stoics this book vividly brings home what Stoicism was like for the people who loved it and lived it dusting off powerful lessons to be learned from their struggles and successes More than a mere history book every example in these pages from Epictetus to Marcus Aurelius slaves to emperors is designed to help the reader apply philosophy in their own lives Holiday and Hanselman unveil the core values and ideas that unite figures from Seneca to Cato to Cicero across the centuries Among them are the idea that self rule is the greatest empire that character is fate; how Stoics benefit from preparing not only for success but failure; and learn to love not merely accept the hand they are dealt in life A treasure of valuable insights and stories this book can be visited again and again by any reader in search of inspiration from the past. The Lives of the Stoics is the latest installment in Mr Holiday s popularization of the Stoic philosophy It consists of 26 short biographies of major and minor Stoic figures It is an ambitious project but it is poorly executed in many ways1 the author states that the purpose of the book is to inspire the reader to emulate the lives of the Stoics Strict scholarly accuracy is not his concern The result is a speculative biography about each figure especially those about whom little written material survives As any biographer will tell you speculative biography is the least reliable and the most likely to lend itself to authorial invention and misinterpretation2 the convention of giving each figure an epithet eg Zeno the Prophet is a little too contrived and frankly comes across as precious and forced Not only is not accurate historically Zeno was never called the Prophet Seneca was never called the Striver but it often fails miserably specifically Gaius Rubellius Plautus the Man Who Would Not Be King This literary contrivance sounds like a teenager s fantasy WWE game3 the author fails to be consistent in his use of political terms for the ancient world He uses kings rulers tyrants dictators and emperors all interchangeably when describing the Roman Emperor except when he talks about Marcus Aurelius who in his eyes could do no wrong This is just sloppy writing the Romans were very clear about not having kings during the Republic and emperors were very different from kings4 the author is dire need of a better editor A common stylistic choice he employs is to break up a uotation with the redundant he writes or he said or some other rendition For example from page 32 We might ask Chryssipus pressed how could we live a life if it didn t matter to us whether we were well or sick He often then add his own commentary onto the uotation which comes across as pedantic and condescending Indeed how could we Life would be chaos 5 the author is in dire need of an editor part two The author spends so much time fleshing out each figure with suppositions and speculations that he repeats himself and as a result many of the figures appear to be the same because he is asking the same uestions I found myself re writing many sentences in my head with fewer words far too often The constant sentence fragments Single word sentences Sloppy writing Get my point It made reading the book seem like a chore rather than an exploration6 it is no surprise that the author s training as a marketer influences how he writes He has the habit of ualifying everything he likes with beautiful great beloved and wonderful The result is this reader felt like he was being drowned in sugar My eyes rolled times than some of the Stoics were probably rolling in their graves7 for an author who wrote a book called Ego is the Enemy it is ironic that his author s bio describes him as one of the world s foremost thinkers and writers on ancient philosophy and its place in everyday life Even ironic given that his stated aim in the book is not strict scholarly accuracy A five star idea with a one star execution Go elsewhere for an introduction to the stoics

Free read Ú PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ´ Ryan Holiday

Free read Ú PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ´ Ryan Holiday Ryan Holiday ´ 5 characters Read & Download Lives of the Stoics: The Art of Living from Zeno to Marcus Aurelius Instant New York Times Advice the philosophy and its embrace of self mastery virtue and indifference to that which we cannot control is as urgent today as it was in the chaos of the Roman Empire In Lives of the Stoics Holiday and Hanselman present the fascinating lives of the men and women who strove to live by the timeless Stoic virtues of Courage Justice Temperance Wisdom Organized in digestible mini biographies of all the well known and not so well known Stoics this book vividly brings home what Stoicism was like for the people who loved it and lived it dusting off powerful lessons to be learned from their struggles and successes More than a mere history book every example in these pages from Epictetus to Marcus Aurelius slaves to emperors is designed to help the reader apply philosophy in their own lives Holiday and Hanselman unveil the core values and ideas that unite figures from Seneca to Cato to Cicero across the centuries Among them are the idea that self rule is the greatest empire that character is fate; how Stoics benefit from preparing not only for success but failure; and learn to love not merely accept the hand they are dealt in life A treasure of valuable insights and stories this book can be visited again and again by any reader in search of inspiration from the past. It s a great book and easy to read You can read this as an introduction to Stoic philosophy and a series of specific character studies and role models It s also an invaluable resource for anyone wanting to understand the history of Stoicism in depth full of individual facts many of which are difficult to find in other texts You ll be immersed in the story of individual Stoics and learn how each character contributed to the development of one of history s most important and most influential philosophies Holiday and Hanselman have done an excellent job